The Dragon Cayenne pepper, a medium-hot variety, is thinner and shorter than the traditional Cayenne as it ranges from 3 to 4 inches in length. The heat of the Dragon Cayenne pepper averages 30,000 to 50,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU), between the Serrano pepper and the Thai pepper.
Like the Jalapeno, Dragon Cayenne peppers are very popular because they are hot enough to feel spicy, but not overly spicy, making them a family-friendly pepper. Beyond their medium heat, Dragon Cayenne peppers also have a rich, complex flavor profile. Savory, slightly sweet, and with a hint of smokiness, Dragon Cayenne peppers enhance the taste of dishes without overpowering them, which is why they are a popular spice used in various culinary applications. The pepper can be found in spice blends, hot sauces, and as a standalone seasoning as it adds heat to dishes like chili, soups, stews, and sauces.
Capsaicin, the compound responsible for the heat in cayenne peppers, is believed to have health benefits. It may contribute to metabolism, provide pain relief, and offer anti-inflammatory properties.
Whether dried and ground into a powder or used fresh, Dragon Cayenne pepper is valued for its ability to bring a bold and spicy kick to a wide range of recipes. It's a staple in many cuisines, including Mexican, Cajun, and Southwestern, and it can be used in both savory and sweet dishes to add heat and depth of flavor.